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                                      翻譯考試catti三級筆譯模擬題(5)

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                                      I. Vocabulary and Structure (1 point each, 35 points in all)

                                      1. English people often take umbrellas with them when they go out because they don't want to be in a rain.

                                      A. seized B. got C. captured D. caught

                                      2. Whenever Tom knew I was in trouble, he always lends me a hand.

                                      A. might B. would C. could D. should

                                      3. There is an arrow on the wall _ the direction of advance.

                                      A. pointing B. identifying

                                      C. marking D. indicating

                                      4. The spaceman found to look at the earth away from it

                                      A. a most exciting experience B. it a most exciting experience

                                      C.that a most exciting experience D.the experience most

                                      5. As people live longer, they to change their ideas about life

                                      A. like B.tend C.wish D.long

                                      6. any instructiorts from the Head Office, we couldn't make any decision.

                                      A. Not receiving B.Receiving no C.Not having recived D.Having not received

                                      7. The design was so that you could not find any fault in it.

                                      A. delicate B. elaborate C. fancy D. complicated

                                      8. So fast that it is difficult for us to imagine its speed.

                                      A. light travels B. travels light

                                      C. do light travel D. does light travel

                                      9. She longed to visit Italy, _ she often dreamt about it.

                                      A. so seriously that B. so eagerly that

                                      C. to such an extent that D. so anxiously that

                                      10. Even if he _ here, he would not be able to help us.

                                      A. is B. had been C. has been D. were

                                      11. The classroom is quite clean _ some waste paper on the floor. :

                                      A. except for B. except C. besides D. without

                                      12. He is the only one of those boys who _ willing to take a make-up exam

                                      A. is B. were C. has been D. was

                                      13. He speaks English well indeed, but of course not a native speaker

                                      A. as fluent as B. more fluent than

                                      C. so fluently as D. much fluently than

                                      14. Nuclear science should be developed to benefit the people _ harm them.

                                      A. rather than B. other than

                                      C. more than D. better than

                                      15. Everyone is working harder, and living a happier life now, _ ?

                                      A. isn't one B. aren't we

                                      C. isn't it D. aren't they

                                      16. Sorry, I didn't know _ Dr. Smith has already returned from his holiday. I'II go and see him in a minute

                                      A. that B. when C. whether D. if

                                      17. There's little chance that mankind would a nuclear war.

                                      A. retain B. endure C. maintain D. survive

                                      18. It was a soldier who happened to be there saved the girl from the danger

                                      A. where B. how C. that D. when

                                      19. The dictionary she bought is that I have.

                                      A. twice as much as B. as twice much as

                                      C. twice more than D. twice than

                                      20. When I took his temperature, it was two degrees above _ .

                                      A. average B. ordinary C. regular D. normal

                                      21. I was really anxious about you. You home without a word

                                      A. mustn't leave B. shouldn't have left

                                      C. couldn't have left D. needn' t leave

                                      22. If you your name and address on the card, we'll send the book to you as soon as it is retumed.

                                      A. go over B. fill in

                                      C. find out D.carry out

                                      23. Would you like more coffee? I'm sure you would .

                                      A. much B. few C. any D.a lot

                                      24. These are common materials we are all familiar.

                                      A. about which B. of which

                                      C. with which D. to which

                                      25. of danger, he jumped into the river all at once.

                                      A. Because B. In terms C. Instead D. carry out

                                      26. When I leave the research institute next week, I there for 18 years.

                                      A. shall be working B. will work

                                      C. shall have worked D. have worked

                                      27. The number of children from l to 15 in different families.

                                      A. varies B. seems C. changes D. turns

                                      28. In ancient time's people used to build their houses with materials .

                                      A. convenient B. important C. available D. natural

                                      29. She agreed without the slightest .

                                      A. hesitation B. thinking C. look D. hope

                                      30. Is there any they'll ever find a cure for the common cold?

                                      A. prospective B. prospect C. prosperity D. prosperous

                                      31. Some people are color-blinded and cannot between blue and green.

                                      A. distinguish B. differ C. separate D. divide

                                      32. knows the name of this song will receive a prize from the radio station.

                                      A.One B.Who C. Anyone D. Whoever

                                      33. All the countries are customers or customers of the United States.

                                      A. potential B.pretended C.preventive D.pretective

                                      34. The safety rules are__ anyone.

                                      A. applied on B. applied in C. applied for D. applied to

                                      35. We got to the station only _ that the train had just left.

                                      A. learned B. to learn C. learning D. having learned

                                      I. Vocabulary and Structure

                                      1.【翻譯】 英國人外出時經常帶把雨傘因為他們不想淋雨.

                                      【解析】 D英語中,淋雨用catch的被動形式表達.

                                      2.【翻譯】 只要湯姆知道我遇到麻煩,他總會幫我一把.

                                      【解析】 B本題中would表示過去常常發生的動作.

                                      3.【翻譯】 墻上有只箭,表示前進的方向.

                                      【解析】 D point意為"指向";identify意為"辨認";mark意為"標示";indicate意為"表示".

                                      4.【翻譯】 宇航員發現從遠處觀看地球令人激動不已.

                                      【解析】 B 本題考核形式賓語的應用.句子中it是形式賓語,a most exciting experience為名詞短語作賓語補足語.

                                      5.【翻譯】 隨著人們年齡的增長,他們對人生的看法漸漸改變.

                                      【解析】 B 四個選項均可用作動詞,其中like意為"喜歡";tend意為"趨向:wish意為"希望";long意為"渴望".

                                      6-【翻譯】 沒有接到總部的指示,我們做不了決定.

                                      【解析】C本題考查分詞的時態與分詞的否定式.根據題意判斷,分詞的動作(接到指示)發生在謂語動詞的動作(做決定)之前,因此用分詞的完成式.分詞的否定式的構成為not+分詞.該句可理解為:Because we had not received any instructions from the Head Office, we couldn't make any decision.

                                      7.【翻譯】 這個設計如此精心以至于你找不到任何差錯.

                                      【解析】 B本題考核近義形容詞的區別.delicate意為"精美的,精致的";elaborate意為"精心制作的";fancy意為"別致的,花哨的";complicated意為"復雜的".

                                      8.【翻譯】 光傳播如此地快以至于我們難以想象它的速度.

                                      【解析】 D本句中So在句首,謂語動詞要用倒裝形式.

                                      9.【翻譯】 她做夢都渴望游覽意大利.

                                      【解析】 C so…that與such…that的意思和句法作用相同,但是因為so(adv.)和such(adj.)的詞類不同,所以so...that和such...that的句子結構也不同.試比較:so+ adj. /adv.+that clause(so后跟形容詞或副詞);such( a/an)+n.+that clause(8uch后跟名詞).

                                      10.【翻譯】 即使他在這兒,他也不能夠幫助我們.

                                      【解析】 D虛擬現在時表示與現在事實相反的假設,其條件從句的謂語形式用動詞的過去式(be -般用were),主句用would/should/could/might+動詞原形.

                                      11.【翻譯】 教室很干凈,只是地板上有幾片碎紙屑.

                                      【解析】 A本題考核近義詞的用法區別.except for的賓語與前述對象完全是兩回事;except:指同一類事物的總體中除去一部分;besides:強調"除此之外,還包括";without:"沒有".

                                      12.【翻譯】 他是愿意參加補考的唯一男生.

                                      【解析】 A本題考核主謂一致的語法現象.主句為一般現在時,而定語從句的先

                                      行詞是單數概念,所以定語從句的謂語也要用一般現在時單數形式.

                                      13.【翻譯】 他說英語確實很好,當然沒有以英語為母語者說得流利.

                                      【解析】 C本題考核修飾部分的語法應用.后半句可看作是句子的狀語成分,用副詞修飾謂語動詞.同時注意not as( so) ...as的應用.

                                      14.【翻譯】 發展核科學應該為人們帶來益處而不是帶來危害.

                                      【解析】 A rather than意為"而不是";other than意為"除了,不同于";more than意為"多于";better than意為"好于".

                                      15.【翻譯】 現在每人都在努力工作,過著幸福生活,是嗎?

                                      【解析】 D 當陳述部分的主語為everybody,everyone,anybody,anyone,nobody等 表示人的不定代詞時,反義疑問句的主語在日常英語中通常用they.如:Everyone has been to Shanghai,haven't they?如果陳述部分的主語是everything,anything,nothing 等表示物的不定代詞時,附加問句的主語常用it,不用they.如:Everything is getting along quite well, isn't it?

                                      16.【翻譯】 對不起,我不知道Dr. Smith已經度假回來.我馬上去看他.

                                      【解析】 A本題考核賓語從句的掌握情況.I didn't know是主句部分,Dr. Smith has already returned from his holiday是賓語從句,其連接詞為that.

                                      17.【翻譯】 人類不可能在核戰爭中生存.

                                      【解析】 D retain意為"保持,保留";endure意為"忍受";maintain意為"維持,維修";survive意為"生存".

                                      18.【翻譯】 是一位恰巧路過的戰士在危險中挽救了那位姑娘.

                                      【解析】 C本句須用強調句,其句子結構是"It is/was - - - that".

                                      19.【翻譯】 她買的詞典是我買的詞典的價格的兩倍.

                                      【解析】 A在倍數的表達中,兩倍用twice或two times,三倍以上用基數詞加times,twice as much as意為"是……的兩倍".

                                      20.【翻譯】 當我給他測體溫時,高于正常兩度.

                                      【解析】 D average意為"平均";ordinary意為"普通";regular意為"規則";normal 意為"正常".

                                      21.【翻譯】 我真的為你著急.你不該不說一聲就離家.

                                      【解析】 B"should have+ -ed分詞"結構用來表示"應該已經……","本來應該……",即過去該做某事但實際沒有做,其否定式"shouldn't have+ -ed分詞"意為"本來不應該……",即過去不應該做某事實際卻做了.

                                      22.【翻譯】 如果你在卡片上填入你的姓名,地址,只要書歸還我們就將其寄給你.

                                      【解析】 B go over意為"復習,回顧";fill in意為"填入";find out意為"找到,發現";carry out意為"執行".

                                      23.【翻譯】 再喝些咖啡嗎?我想你需要.

                                      【解析】 C句中more意為"再來些",其修飾語應為some或any.

                                      24.【翻譯】 這些是我們都熟悉的普通材料.

                                      【解析】 C 本題考核定語從句介詞前置的語法現象.短語be familiar with的介詞with放在關系代詞which前面.

                                      25.【翻譯】 他不顧危險,毅然跳入河中.

                                      【解析】 D根據題意,跳人河中是危險的行為,because表示原因;in terms of意為"按照";instead of意為"代替,而不是";regardless of意為"不顧".

                                      26.【翻譯】 到下周我離開研究所時,我將已在那里工作18年.

                                      【解析】 C將來完成時表示在將來某一個時間之前完成的動作.它常與表將來的時間狀語連用.

                                      27.【翻譯】 不同家庭中孩子的數量不同,在l到15個之間.

                                      【解析】 A本題考核近義動詞辨析.vary意為"呈現不同,變化";seem意為"看起來像";change意為"變化,改變";turn意為"轉變".

                                      28.【翻譯】 古代人們用手頭的材料蓋房子.

                                      【解析】 C convenient意為"方便的";important意為"重要的";available意為"可得到的";natural意為"自然的".

                                      29.【翻譯】 她毫不猶豫地同意了.

                                      【解析】 A hesitation意為"猶豫";thinking意為"思想,思維";look意為"長相,相貌";hope意為"希望". :

                                      30.【翻譯】 他們有找到治愈普通感冒的可能性嗎?

                                      【解析】 B prospective為形容詞,意為"可能的,未來的";prospect為名詞,意為"前景,可能性";prosperity為名詞,意為"繁榮,興旺";prosperous為形容詞,意為"繁榮的,興旺的".

                                      31.【翻譯】 有些人是色盲,分辨不出藍色和綠色.

                                      【解析】 A本題考核近義動詞的區別.distinguish意為"分辨出";differ意為"不同,差異";separate意為"使分開";divide意為"分割,劃分".

                                      32.【翻譯】 無論誰知道這首歌的名字就能從電臺得到一份獎品. j

                                      【解析】 D who與whoever的區別在于意思不一樣.who指誰,是特殊疑問詞,用于疑問句;whoever是"無論誰",引導主語從句,有時也引導賓語從句.

                                      33.【翻譯】 所有的國家均是美國的客戶或潛在客戶.

                                      【解析】 A potential意為"潛在的";pretended意為"裝扮的,假裝的";preventive意為"預防的,防止的";protective意為"保護的".

                                      34.【翻譯】 安全規定適用于每個人.

                                      【解析】 D apply to意為"適用于";apply for意為"申請".

                                      35.【翻譯】 我們到達車站結果卻發現火車剛剛開走.

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